Mangosteen, scientifically popular as Garcinia mangostana belongs to the family of Clusiaceae (Guttiferae). The juicy fruit is purple in colour and is the national fruit of THAILAND. It is also popular as 'queen of tropical fruits', particularly in the southeast areas of Asia.
Mangosteen has two major parts:
- The Purple Rind or outer shell is rather hard, yet can be opened easily.
- The white edible flesh which is segmented like oranges and the seeds found within the flesh. The seeds are extremely bitter in taste and are inedible while the flesh has a soft fragrance with a sweet taste.
Mangosteen is a rich source of fibre and carbohydrates. It also has a high content of vitamin A and vitamin C, as well as iron, calcium and potassium. This fruit is a moderate source of B-complex vitamins such as thiamin, niacin and folates. These vitamins act as cofactors which help the body to metabolize carbohydrates, protein, and fats. Most importantly, it is a great source of Xanthones.
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